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China's Strategy for Information Warfare: A Focus on Energy

China's Strategy for Information Warfare: A Focus on Energy

Thinking about cyber or information warfare has been a part of Chinese military thinking for the past decade.  Catalyzed by the first Gulf War, information technologies proved their usefulness in the quick and agile victory of the United States and its allies over Saddam Hussein.  Since then, cyber-tools to infiltrate electricity grids and IT networks of major oil and gas concerns, cyber-espionage and data collection have graduated and become part of a major offensive against energy systems and networks around the world.  CNRS researcher Daniel Ventre provides a compelling account of the development of this strategy, with a focus on how the multiple concepts of information warfare have contributed to Chinese military doctrine.

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Canvassing the Cyber Security Landscape: Why Energy Companies Need to Pay Attention

Internet communications are one of the best examples of globalization, yet the development of internet based technologies have far outpaced our ability to protect them.  From extensive blackouts in the United States and Brazil, to SCADA vulnerabilities wherever key control systems are internet-exposed, aka internet-linked, the race is on to protect  information and the cyber-superhighway.  If ever there was a life-support system on which energy and power depends, it is the very systems and networks that drive them.  Bruce Averill and colleague Eric A.M. Luiijf call on all industry and national government stakeholders to take these threats seriously and to work cooperatively towards their solution. 

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The Caspian's Unsettled Legal Framework: Energy Security Implications

The Caspian's Unsettled Legal Framework: Energy Security Implications

The Caspian is one of the most promising energy-rich areas of the world.  The Baku-Tiblisi-Ceyhan pipeline pumps a million barrels of oil a day from an Azerbaijani offshore field and transports it to Turkey's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan.  Paralleling this pipeline is the South Caucasus (gas) pipeline which enters Turkey from Georgia and then distributes the gas through the country's pipeline network.  Yet there could be much more regional oil and gas development.  One major barrier to potential development is disagreement regarding the legal status of the Caspian itself.  The sea's littoral states: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Russia, Azerbaijan and Iran have collectively failed to come to a common understanding that would allow for further oil and gas exploitation.  Sohbet Karbuz explains why. 

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Closing the Gap Between Energy & National Security Policy

Energy security is one of the most salient emergent issues that has forced its way onto nations' national security agendas.  From the 2010 US Quadrennial Defense Review to the national security strategies of the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation, energy and its security play a dominant role in shaping the security strategies of these and many other nations.  But integrating energy and national security is not an easy task.  Confusion often comes in weighing the human security impact of national security policy against environmental or climate change imperatives.  While all three issues (energy, environment and climate change) are not mutually exclusive, they all three have different departure points and focus areas.  This article explores how the gap between energy and national security policy can be closed with human security as the defining consideration in integrating energy i...

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SPECIAL REPORT: Checkmating the Resurgence of Oil Violence in the Niger Delta of Nigeria

SPECIAL REPORT: Checkmating the Resurgence of Oil Violence in the Niger Delta of Nigeria

Violence in and around the Niger Delta has plagued Nigerian oil output for the past decade.  For Africa’s most populous state, this violence has cut oil production by one-third and is a not only an economic but a human tragedy for a country that bases 90 percent of its GDP on its hydrocarbon wealth.  Environmental activism and militancy have been the response from the tribal groups indigenous to the Delta region.   Among the various group active across the region, MEND or the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta is probably the best known.  In August 2009, Dr. Victor Ojakorotu contributed an initial article to the Journal of Energy Security entitled, “Militancy and Oil Violence in the Niger Delta.”  Since then, Victor and twelve other African experts who focus their research on the problems that plague the Delta have assembled their thoughts into a new book entitled, “Checkma...

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