Journal of Energy Security

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The “Radicalization” of Maritime Piracy: Implications for Maritime Energy Security

Al Qa'ida and other terrorist organizations have long targeted land-based energy infrastructure, but the question is raised whether they might now train their sights on the world's oceans and seas? In a sweeping article, Dr. Donna J. Nincic reports on the growing number and intensity of maritime attacks that threaten global energy security. She asks whether we soon might see the combustible conflagration of maritime pirates and terrorists join forces in pursuit of blood and bounty in Africa and elsewhere.

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Energy Infrastructure As A Diplomatic Tool: The Arab Gas Pipeline

Efforts at regional integration and cooperation among Middle Eastern states may be benefiting from Egypt's development and expansion of the Arab gas pipeline (AGP). With growing natural gas demand from states across the region, and a desire to develop downstream export markets, the AGP is examined not only as a commercial tool but also as a diplomatic bridge for regional economic and political cooperation. Mary Stonaker of the Middle East Institute at the National University of Singapore suggests that the CNETAC regional free trade agreement is but one positive development of Middle Eastern energy diplomacy made manifest by the AGP.

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Water and Energy: A Flashpoint in Pakistan-India Relations?

Water and Energy: A Flashpoint in Pakistan-India Relations?

For 50 years the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) has governed both India's and Pakistan's access to water from the Indus basin. The water provides Pakistan with 33% of its hydroelectric power and India a full 52% of its energy. The IWT is now being called into question by Pakistani authorities, catalyzing further disagreement in both of these nuclear states. What the sources of this dissatisfaction are, what the importance of water and energy for the development needs for both of these countries is, and how the situation is developing is the subject of the following article from Uttam Kumar Sinha at India's Institute for Defense Studies and Analysis.

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China's Rare Earth Monopoly

In mid-November China's Ministry of Commerce issued a new set of rules regulating the production and export of rare earth metals, further tightening its grip on 97% of world supply. China's systematic reductions in these exports since 2006 may be old news; the 'new' news may be that, spurned by China's behavior, countries may now be finally ready to free themselves from Chinese manipulation of these strategic metals and in doing so free themselves from Chinese influence in a domain crucial to natural security and the production of renewable energy technologies.
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The Brazilian Biodiesel Program

The Brazilian Biodiesel Program

Brazilian sugarcane based ethanol is well known, but its biodiesel program is less so. Led by President Luis da Silva, the country has constructed a multi-faceted biodiesel program based on a composite of vegetable oils that is dramatically reducing the country's petroleum-based diesel uptake. JES contributor Mark S. Langevin says that in spite of the country's recent discovery of significant offshore pre-salt petroleum reserves, this comprehensive biodiesel program has advantages that oil just doesn't bring along with it.    

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